Thrombocytopenia or low platelet count is a very common problem for many of us. But we generally do not bother to see the platelet values even during regular complete platelet count because we are ignorant about this blood parameter. Like hemoglobin level, RBC count, it is equally important to remain within the range. Low platelet is more prevalent for the Bengali population. If we are aware of this health issue, we can manage it by only modifying our daily diet. There are many natural foods that may help you to improve your platelet count.
What is Thrombocytopenia ?
Thrombocytopenia is a hematological disorder that decreases the platelet count. If the platelet count is lower than the normal range that is 150,000 /microL, it is called thrombocytopenia.
Table-1: Severity of Thrombocytopenia depending on the platelet count
|Platelet count||Sub-category (1)|
|Normal range||150,000 to 450,000/microL|
|Deficient level||Less than 150,000 /microL||Mild Thrombocytopenia (100,000 to 150,000 /microL)|
Moderate Thrombocytopenia (50,000 to 99,000 /microL)
Severe Thrombocytopenia (<50,000 /microL)
Prevalence of Thrombocytopenia
Thrombocytopenia is the second most common hematological disorder, next to anemia. It is common among pregnant women. Around 7 – 10% of pregnant women are suffering from thrombocytopenia whereas 1- 4 % thrombocytopenic neonates are born with it. (2)
2.5% of the normal population have got thrombocytopenia. There can be bleeding after mild trauma at patients with thrombocytopenia. (3)
Why low platelet count may cause bleeding?
Platelets play an important role in the blood clotting process. Whenever blood comes from cut or injury in any parts of the body, platelets aggregates together and forms a clot to stop the bleeding.Hence, if the number of plateletsisinadequate, the blood clot is not formedand thus bleedingwill not stop. When the platelet count is lower than 50,000 /microL (Severe Thrombocytopenia), there is a risk of bleeding.
Causes of Thrombocytopenia
There are several causes of ofThrombocytopenia (low platelet count). The viral disease, especially Dengue, reduces the platelet count. Several drugs also may cause a low platelet level.
thrombocytopenia is not usually detected until the platelet count falls below 100,000/microL. Severe thrombocytopenia, such as intracerebral and intra-abdominal bleeding may be life-threatening. So, diagnosing the treatment immediately can save a life. (4)
How Thrombocytopenia can be detected?
Platelet count can be measured very easily. Complete blood count (CBC) revealed the platelet number. (5)
Natural Remedies for Low Platelets Count
In our mother nature, several foods have much medicinal value. If you have enough knowledge regarding the medicinal values of natural foods, you can easily treat mild to moderate thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) by appropriate foods without medicine.
10 Foods that help to Improve your Platelet Counts
Papaya leaf extract
Trombinol present in guava leaves helps to increase the platelet count. (12)
Sweet potato leaves
Intake of sweet potato leaves also effective to increase the platelet count. (13)
Scientific studies confirm that daily intake of pomegranate juice is very effective to increase platelet count.(14)
Green amaranth leaves (aranthus hybridus)
Amaranth is a commonly available green leafy vegetable in India. Scientific study suggested that this green is capable to increase the platelet count of those suffering from thrombocytopenia.(15) (16)
Kanta Note (Amaranthus spinosus)
Pomegranate and sweet lime juices along with green coconut water
A case study confirms that regular intake of pomegranate and sweet lime juices along with green coconut water is very effective to increase the platelet count of dengue patients. It also increases the white blood cell count and hemoglobin level. (19)
Consumption of camel milk also useful to improve platelet count.(20)
Wheatgrass is rich in chlorophyll, minerals like magnesium, selenium, zinc, chromium, antioxidants like beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A), vitamin E, vitamin C, anti anemic factors like vitamin B12, iron, folic acid, pyridoxine and many other minerals, amino acids, and enzymes, which have significant nutritious and medicinal value. Wheatgrass is a rich source of phenolic and flavonoid content. Thrombocytopenia is lower than the normal number of platelets in the blood. Platelets play an important role in clotting and bleeding. Wheatgrass significantly increases platelet counts and reduce bleeding and clotting time in thrombocytopenic rats.(23)
Aloe Vera Juice
Thrombocytopenia or low platelet count is a common health problem among the Indians, particularly in Bengali populations. It can be detected by a complete blood count (CBC) test. You should not ignore the health issue. Low platelet count may even cause internal or external hemorrhage which may even risk your life. But if you detect the problem at early, mild to moderate Thrombocytopenia can be treated simply by dietary modifications. Take more red-colored vegetables (like beetroot) and fruits (like pomegranate). You may take wheatgrass juice